Other ethnic groups in the United States have also experienced negative effects from racial profiling. The definition across the literature ranges from including race, ethnicity, or nationality as a consideration when deciding to apply law enforcement procedures, to using race, ethnicity, or nationality as the only consideration when deciding to apply law enforcement procedures.
Law enforcement officers have long used profiling to help them gain understanding about the likely characteristics of the perpetrator of a crime, including but not limited to age, sex, race, and observed behaviors Institute on Race and Justice, These statistics are in spite of the fact that in a higher percentage of white drivers were licensed in the United States The arguments that surround the issue of racial profiling are connected to the inherent racism found in our communities and the tensions between law enforcement officials and various communities of color.
However, there are incidents of racial profiling in other situations and instances throughout American history. Hispanics and Latinos have faced intense scrutiny from law enforcement officials under suspicion that they are illegal residents; Asian-Americans were discriminated against by police officers in Essay on racial profiling in law enforcement communities in which they lived when they began immigrating to the United States in large numbers in the s.
Inas the war against drugs continued, the Drug Enforcement Agency DEA began training police officers across the country in recognizing a profile of a drug courier, based on intelligence gathered in how drugs were transported and introduced to various drug markets.
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Additionally, 1 in every 3 black men can expect to go to prison as some point in their lives, and convicted blacks receive sentences that are 10 percent longer than their white counterparts. Unlock This Study Guide Now Start your hour free trial to unlock this page Racial Profiling study guide and get instant access to the following: The results were significant for several reasons.
Racial profiling was first termed during the war on drugs in the s and s, when police officers were accused of pulling over motorists based on race and then searching their vehicles for illegal substances.
Even more currently, after the September 11 attacks inthe War on Terrorism was announced and individuals across the country were arrested, questioned, or detained by federal law enforcers.
For example, a poll conducted in said 81 percent of individuals reported that they disapproved of racial profiling when law enforcement officials pulled over motorists solely based on their race and ethnicity.
Many people equate the war on drugs as beginning the controversy regarding racial profiling. Local and state police were trained to target individuals and vehicles that met certain characteristics, including but not limited to age and race characteristics of possible transporters.
The practice of racial profiling by law enforcement agencies was begun during the late s, as police officers worked to capture drug traffickers. First, although white drivers were more likely than both black and Hispanic drivers to be stopped by police for speeding, both blacks and Hispanics were more likely to receive a ticket.
The practice of using race as a part of a profile when attempting to identify or curb criminal activity has been used in various ways, including pulling individuals over on highways and questioning airline passengers and individuals at border crossings.
On the other hand, another poll conducted after the September 11 terrorist attacks showed that the majority of those polled supported increasing security and investigation of individuals from Arab backgrounds on planes Pampel, The war on drugs gained intensity in the s, with the introduction of crack cocaine into mainstream America Pampel, The public perception of the acceptability of racial profiling varies under circumstances.
When the profiling lesson was distorted, officers began targeting black and Hispanic drivers, pulling over male drivers with these racial characteristics under the Statistics have shown that African-American individuals are much more likely to be arrested and imprisoned than white Americans.
Blacks were also three times more likely than whites to be searched during traffic stops Kerby, During the years of slavery, blacks were not allowed to leave their plantations without passes, and they could be questioned or detained by any white individual without any reason for suspicion. The intelligence garnered by the DEA gave birth to Operation Pipeline, the knowledge of the relationship between drug networks and drug markets, and how drugs were transported between each.
Those of Middle Eastern descent face profiling in the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks. Police have used profiling to target the characteristics of certain individuals as more likely to commit certain types of crimes, often observed by police officers.
Other instances of racial profiling include pulling over Hispanics near the Mexico border in an attempt to capture illegal immigrants en route to the United States or questioning or searching minorities in high-crime urban areas Pampel, For example, a poor individual who spends a large amount of time in affluent enclaves may be targeted as someone likely to commit a crime.
Racial profiling has been used to justify finding drug smugglers, terrorists, and undocumented immigrants. While this type of profiling has often been seen as unfair and biased, law enforcement agencies consider it a necessary practice to intercept possible criminal activity before it occurs Pampel, Throughout history, conflicts and tensions between police officers and communities of color have endured.
A profile is a collection of gathered facts that help law enforcement officers target individuals who are likely committing criminal acts.
Defining Racial Profiling There is no single agreed upon definition of racial profiling.
After slavery was outlawed, many states continued to control African Americans through curfews and the use of Jim Crow laws throughout the South Pampel, Racial profiling is a law enforcement and security agency practice that encourages officers to stop, search, and investigate people based on race, ethnicity, nationality or.
Search Essay Examples > Get Expert Essay Editing Help > Build Your Thesis Statement > Log in. Search Racial Profiling in American Law Enforcement. 1, words. 4 pages. Discrimination Should Be. Racial Profiling by Law Enforcement is Unjustifiable - Every individual in the world is different in some way from the person standing next to them.
People differ in their culture, ethnicity, race, religion, personality, styles, interest, appearance and more. It continues to indicate on how racial profiling in the law enforcement agencies has been effective in the American community.
Civil mint-body.com (). Wrong Then Wrong Now: Racial Profiling Before & After September 11, Racial profiling deflects law enforcement agencies from more advantageous moves.
When law enforcement agencies detain suspects based on any suspicious behaviour rather than race, the approaches suddenly become more useful. BRING EVIDENCES. The paragraphs after the introduction should contain your quotes and evidences that verify.
The term “racial profiling” is used by agencies of law enforcement to describe an individual’s race or ethnicity as a factor in articulating reasonable suspicion to stop, question, or arrest an individual (Racial Profiling 1).Download