Dispositional Affect is also a combination of pleasantness and activation. Dimensions[ edit ] In general, though emotion researchers disagree about the way that emotions and dispositional affect should be classified,  a common classification of emotions assumes that each emotion is a combination of pleasantness pleasant or unpleasant and activation high or low.
Though mood is specific, it is not a personality trait. At last, it was found that high levels Dispositional personalities essay personalities essay positive affectivity does not encourage risk taking, though it does facilitates negotiation processes, and improves the results of face to face negotiation processes, in order to reach to agreement.
Psychological resilience — Individuals who have high levels of positive affectivity have lower levels of the stress hormones such as epinephrinenorepinephrineand cortisolthus physiology gives one explanation in favor of psychological resilience that provides positive resources to confront stressful life events.
It was also found that positive affectivity increases the likelihood to use cooperation strategies but not other strategies such as " an eye for an eye " and improves the results of the negotiation, even if just one of the negotiators has the desired trait of positive affectivity,  and increases the likelihood and willingness to agree with counter—arguments, and behavior changes as a result.
The same thing is true for negative affectivitywhich can explain why a person has bad mood in general, since negative affectivity means viewing the world in a dark light. However, when it comes to people with Dispositional personalities essay diseases that has short-term prognoses e.
It was also found that high levels of positive affectivity may result in more and closer social contacts because it facilitates approach behavior, and because others are drawn to form attachments with pleasant individuals.
It was also discovered that when it comes to people with chronic diseases that has decent prospects for long-term survival, such as coronary heart diseasepeople may benefit from high levels of positive affectivity. Dispositional affect is also different from moods since mood relates to general feeling that usually tends to be diffusing and not focused on a specific cause or object.
In line with the classification mentioned above, there is a well-known and common model that is being used in organizational psychology research to analyze and classify dispositional affect, which was developed by Watson and Tellegen.
The strength of emotions a person feels can stem from his level of dispositional affect. For example, Rafaeli et al. Individuals who have high levels of positive affectivity, tend to attend healthier activities such as improved sleep quality, more physical exerciseand more intake of dietary vitaminsand tend to socialize more often and maintain more and higher-quality social ties.
Another support for these finding showed that high levels of negative affectivity was related to competition, lower offers, rejecting ultimatums and lower combined gains, as a result of the negotiation process, and minimum willingness to continue the cooperation strategy in the future.
An individual has to indicate the most appropriate answer to each item feeling or emotion on a scale ranging from 1- Very slightly or not at all, 5- Extremely. These two dimensions of dispositional affect are bipolar, distinct and independent, relating to different emotion groups, so that each person can be classified with a positive affectivity and negative affectivity grade.
Another advantage that was discovered while developing this questionnaire is that though it is intended for personality analysis, people can respond to the questions according to specific time frames, for example people can indicate the emotions or sensations they feel at this moment, in the past week, or in general.
Hence, according to the model and contrary to intuition, positive affectivity does not represent the opposite of negative affectivity, but a different aspect from it. On the other hand, in many collectivistic cultures, it was found that there is a no relationship between negative affectivity and general life satisfaction, and it may result from the great variance in the ways that different cultures regulate their positive affectivity compared to negative affectivity.
In individualistic cultures, it was found that there is a strong relationship between dispositional affect either positive or negative and general life satisfaction though the relationship was stronger for positive affectivity compared to negative affectivity. According to this classification, the different combinations of high or low pleasantness and high or low activation create four Quarters.
Individuals who have low levels of positive affectivity tend to be low energy and sluggish or melancholy. This way we can learn about dispositional affect to a certain situation and not only about dispositional affect as a general personality trait. This stems from the fact that positive affectivity encourages problem solving approach and searching for variety, in order to achieve a suitable result.
This means that happiness and well-being sensations in the present, are the ones which creates the likelihood to feel the same in the future, which helps us in building a strong and improved system of coping with stressful life events.
Dispositional affect is different from emotion or affectby being a personality trait while emotion is a general concept for subjective responses of people to certain situations. Still, positive affectivity can explain why a person has good mood in general, since positive affectivity means viewing the world in a good light.
It was also found that positive affectivity facilitate creativitycognitive flexibility, novel responses, openness to new information and dealing with mental problems. High levels of negative affectivity represents the extent to which an individual feels anger, irritability, fear or nervousness, while low level of negative affectivity represents the extent to which an individual feels calm and serene ".
Early mapping of these emotions by the researchers, helps determine the positive affectivity and negative affectivity of the individual. Emotion includes both general responses positive or negative emotion and specific responses loveangerhatefearjealousysadness etc.
These concepts are different from dispositional affect though there is a connection among them. Individuals who have high levels of positive affectivity, had longer life spanreported fewer pains and illness symptoms such as blood pressureand were less likely to develop a cold when exposed to a virus compared with individuals who have high levels of negative affectivity, while both had the same illness.
Characteristics[ edit ] Conceptual distinctions from emotion and mood[ edit ] Besides dispositional affect, there are other concepts for expressions of emotion such as mood or discrete emotions. By responding to the questions about feelings "at this moment" we can learn about situational dispositional affect as a response to a certain situation.
By responding to the questions about feelings "in general" we can learn about positive and negative affectivity as a personality trait. It is important to explain that low levels of negative affectivity are perceived as positive traits since they represent individuals who are more calm, serene and relaxed.
High level of positive affectivity represents the extent to which an individual feels energetic and excited, while low level of positive affectivity represents the extent to which an individual feels sadness, sluggishness or weariness ".
Physical and mental aspects[ edit ] Physical health — When it comes to people with different illness, it is interesting to see that there are differences in the physical health according to the levels of dispositional affect.Read this essay on Personality Analysis: Dispositional and Learning Theories.
Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at mint-body.com". The essay asked the writer to examine several philosophical issues from both a dispositional and humanistic perspective. Abstract For many years, the argument over which perspective on personality is the more valid has been debated/5(8).
- Introduction This essay is a concise guide to the understanding of personality in terms of Theories, structure and testing, looking at Trait, situation and interactional theories in particular.
One can attribute different personality traits to different dispositional or learning. Personality Analysis: Dispositional and Learning Theories Essay; Personality Analysis: Dispositional and Learning Theories Essay.
Words Jun 16th, Learning Theories of Personalities Essay. Learning Theories of Personalities Kristie Tripaldi, Tandy Noonan, Charlie Fritz, Jodie Bowes, and Velinda Chandler PSY/ March 5, Angela.
Dispositional Personalities Essay by shampoo, University, Bachelor's, A+, October download word file, 3 pages download word file, 3 pages 0 votes. Dispostional Personality Theories Essay. B. Pages:1 Words This is just a sample. To get a unique essay. Both Allport’s psychology of the individual theory and the trait and factor theory have its own effect on individual personalities.
Interpersonal relationships are influenced by each of these theories in its own way as well.Download