He believed that each individual person Thomas Hobbes — English philosopher, political theorist, essayist, critic, scientist, and autobiographer. Locke, however, felt the people should have say in choosing their rulers. Thus, people have been and must comply with the absolute power of government.
If people were to idealistically agree to be ruled by government, people would need to concede their rights to everything and allow government to maintain its right to everything. Hobbes uses the term "Leviathan" which refers to the best way of protecting citizens would be to have a government that is powerful and intimidating.
In his writing, Hobbes was not timid: His utterly mechanistic view of life in these works was the source of great contention. This sovereign, called the Leviathan by Hobbes, will keep his subjects in check and protect them from their enemies. Heavily influenced by his friend Galileo Galilei, Hobbes was a mechanist who viewed the world as matter in motion and man as movement of limbs.
These ideas not only stem from Hobbes, but also enrich the basic concepts Hobbes put forth.
In addition, Locke pointed out, reformists should be as suspect as the uneducated masses because the masses can be duped into thinking they are fighting for a cause, where the reformists could trick the masses into obtaining power and control for the reformist.
In divulging the philosophies of John Locke, Mosely indicated that one must take into account the historic events influencing the life and works of Locke. He began work on a proposed trilogy on the body, the man, and the citizen.
The Declaration of Independence clearly shows his influence. Biographers have posited that both timidity and argumentativeness were notable traits of Hobbes throughout his lifetime. His divergence was a result of his times and his attempt to bring England back together in mutual understanding.
It was here that Locke became heavily interested in the works of Modern philosophers, such as Descartes. I like to think Locke was correct in believing we have the right to choose our own path in life in order to live a prosperous life while still having a security blanket.
Hobbes lived during a time of great disturbance in Europe. He claimed that his mother gave birth to him upon hearing the rumor that the Spanish Armada was set to destroy the nation.
It was there that he met and became friends with Galileo. John Locke is considered to be the first of the British Empiricists, who believed that in order to truly gain knowledge of a certain thing, any individual would first have to experience something from which they would gain that knowledge.
But Locke thought citizens should have limits imposed upon them as to what they may or may not do. Religious institutions help shape the way people behave to instill and maintain peaceful living.
Therefore, tolerance of different religious practices is the sensible solution in order for his society to be able to live together again in peace. I would have to agree with Locke, society should have a contract agree with government like what we have today, if we do not like or agree with our elected officials we vote them out of office.
In other words, there is no moral difference between killing someone or letting them live. This is because by his way of thinking, literally anything goes when there is no government as in a natural state.
Political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke As Mosely stated, people have a right to their own thoughts and opinions. So, killing someone, in a state of nature, would be exactly the same as letting someone live. I think we are capable of thinking for ourselves because at a young age morals and values were instilled in us to make conscientious decisions about what we are doing.
The reason is a government must make laws and regulations in order to create a civil society, with minimal crime. Although the three philosophers desire the same result through their theories, its practices and use have indicated that there are difference and similarities both present.
Upon receiving a degree inHobbes became tutor to William Cavendish, the son of the first Earl of Devonshire. All are saying that there should be absolute government, but their areas of specialization are different.
Hobbes, Williams stated, felt that people are basically egotistical in that any man is capable of killing one another under the right circumstances, and no one is exempt from this rule. His Machiavellian insistence on looking at things as they are, not as they should be, his contention that expediency rather than morality motivated political obedience, and his unshakable secularism fueled countless attacks by his critics.
Hobbes famously considered life in a state of nature to be "nasty, brutish, and short", with civilization and the authority of rulers being the only thing standing between humans and complete barbarism, exemplified by a state of constant struggle.
He stated that all in all, there must be something else that keeps us from living out the basest, worst part of humanity, which is morality and reason. Thomas Hobbes was born in and lived most of his life in England.Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were two of the great political theorists of their time.
Both created great philosophical texts that help to describe the role of government in man’s life, as well as their views of man’s state of nature. Thomas Hobbes (5 April – 4 December ) and John Locke (29 August – 28 October ) differed not only in philosophical systems and period but also in temperament, with Hobbes' worldview being significant more pessimistic than that of Locke.
Browse Essays / Philosophy; John Locke and Thomas Hobbes This Essay John Locke and Thomas Hobbes and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on mint-body.com Compare and Contrast the Philosophies of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Karl Marx;4/4(1).
Locke’s political theory was founded on social contract theory. Unlike Thomas Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature is characterized by reason and tolerance.
Like Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature allowed men to be selfish. Man is by nature a social animal.
John Locke’s philosophy saw human nature as a tabula rasa. John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were both social contract theorists and natural law theorists. They were philosophers in the sense of Saint Thomas rather than Sir Issac Newton.
Locke can rightfully be considered once of the founding fathers in the philosophy of liberalism and had a gigantic influence over both Great Britain and America. Comparing John Locke and Thomas Hobbes Essay - The formation of government is one of the central themes for both Hobbes and Locke.
Whether or not men naturally form a government, or must form a government, is based on man’s basic nature.Download